Wisdom teeth are the third molars situated at the back of the mouth. These teeth may have problems erupting and remaining under the gums causing various dental issues. In such cases, they need to be extracted to safeguard your oral health. However, if the teeth are fully erupted and well positioned, they will not require removal. Here are some circumstances when wisdom teeth removal is crucial:
Are Hidden within the Gums
Wisdom teeth are notorious for remaining hidden in your gums. They can fail to emerge correctly and remain trapped in your jaw. Impaction of the wisdom teeth can result in pain. In some circumstances, an infection can result. Cysts can also develop, which can damage the roots of other teeth and even the jaw bone. A dentist will perform dental x-rays to check the level of development of the wisdom teeth and determine whether extraction is necessary.
In other cases, wisdom teeth can emerge partially, making it hard to clean them. These teeth can also create a suitable area for bacteria which can cause oral infections and gum disease. Your dentist should extract wisdom teeth that are partially emerged before they can cause oral health issues. Pulling them allows you to adhere properly to oral hygiene practices.
Crowd the Surrounding Teeth
If the wisdom teeth don't have enough space to erupt, they crowd and even damage the surrounding teeth. Crowded teeth are quite challenging to clean and floss and will encourage bacteria and plaque buildup. Such teeth can develop cavities and even decay.
Dentists believe wisdom teeth should be removed if they fail to emerge fully. The teeth need to be removed at a younger age when the bone and roots are not fully formed to allow a faster recovery period. Thus, many young adults prefer removing wisdom teeth before they cause any problems.
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