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What are the different types of oral maxillofacial surgery

Posted on 3/21/2022 by Ankur Johri
What are the different types of oral maxillofacial surgeryOral maxillofacial surgery encompasses the surgical specialty of dentistry. It involves invasive procedures in treating oral, facial, head, mouth, and neck and jaw conditions.

Types of OMF surgeries

Dental alveolar surgery

The dentoalveolar is the thick ridge of the bone structure covered by the gum line, which holds the tooth sockets. This surgical procedure involves invasive approaches to extract impacted teeth, complicated tooth extractions, tooth extractions on medically compromised patients, pre-prosthetic surgery before placement of implants, dentures, or other prosthetic procedures (this is to give proper anatomy for prosthetic procedures), and bone grafting.

Orthognathic surgery

Also referred to as corrective jaw surgery or jaw surgery, it is designed to correct structural deformities of the jaw, cheekbone, and lower face and helps cure sleep conditions, orthognathic bite problems, facial imbalances, male proportions, malocclusions, and skeletal dissensions.

Cosmetic surgery

This is an elective and voluntary surgery performed on the facial region of the body for reconstruction or to improve appearance. Procedures like cheek and chin augmentation, neck liposuction, genioplasty, otoplasty, rhinoplasty, Botox fillers, septoplasty lip enhancement, and rhytidectomy are many aesthetic procedures provided by OMF surgeons.

Oral, neck, and head cancer surgeries

OMS also provides procedures for removing malignant and benign tumors, cysts, and growths in the oral, head, and neck regions. This cancer starts with flat cells, which are squamous and develop a thin layer on the neck and the head structures. These tumors are got rid of by the oral cavity being opened, but this depends on the extensive approach.

Craniofacial surgery

This procedure deals with correcting acquired and innate deformities of the hard and soft tissues of the jaw, skull, face, neck, head, oral cavity, and surrounding structures. The procedure involves an invasive manipulation of the bone, nerve, tissue, muscle, and related anatomy. It deals with correcting congenital deformities. 

Other procedures that are a part of OMF surgery include treatment of TMJ disorders, maxillofacial dental implants, treatment of skin cancer (cutaneous malignancy), treatment of persistent facial pain disorders, wisdom teeth extraction, periodontal surgeries, and trauma or injury-induced deformities that involve bone fracture or breakage in the oral, facial or surrounding regions.

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